Pebegene reese, Jeseuse asedeead

ao oe eatcame ed Leebumabebedsa-aseied om sibs enone boketatvte

Pa eed raearsts re eres rae

Ne ears Wen hed tete

= hrar

a. wa pe

Ba buir> Pegi che + PB retahot


POU OM ang Maher ot gah beet token

abate pas cdh Madeleine aed abe Se Ree Ree DAs LB rete leest et

ee ARs TN cia

~ Per - Penn at

use a Jud ae - epee \ e hee ene MUO S See TTTIED anny coc’ wey: AL] eet Leb rN re iP 5 Peet ehh ee “1 Cyt. VERY aft >

y ePebbe |e led be ONS Ow Ve D o MAT tbh ts Natl ie West Cl ge 6 ree Pb lA | Riek ots + Rah syenr bh ) baked | Vi ok he © Et. SEES terrae re APA Vat = Wyre owe at Bwyel MA orn ear ey| 1 pesca y Y he een en Wee of! Sean ties ~ ~ i ~~ Vay! Tg ‘1g - tgeuwey 7yV Ld Vv) * a; Abs wear” CNewusr a >on that a bd 7 ‘is Ps "SUG 7 Shad MEE tibtos leet eet teeet ang g TTT LT LEE MT eke Bu il Be & BRS Fe She ac Co q ] = ow 3 a - aS avs my Gi STEEL LLL PATI Th wares une) weeny tere iP, ateyy' fat® | a, EL 5 os v y NP stmt “4 ~~ ==9 aoe "we wel - Ps a é : | ~~ =e ae ewe ve J wevovtvns ~ wf Ye Pay; ‘we etHETS Wesgyer no uN Wy © fn : oe v We Wopver “1 Wines eee Ne en, atti yal te ee U! AT MTS StUy: y vw i hs nee De fi et mal "<= wit re vuyd L}) TTT . Py ee ished da NAS Upegs CUE

“3 a Fy y ~ LP ~ eg Teh NUS niet 1 oe o = q Ss Tine tin aeee So epcavoeaeenrtlia yet eer ee SRS aaa pede tI | CE Ea AUR SA he 4 i a tel a | sume Wo Pb Te e if. deel ty ae A hae

i eS « we <8! sone VeeEe PT ay TECTE Shiv : § g ® ve . ~~ Twi tag © a We ww, Pi Bese v A F % ; ' eed » , * Bhd Lees thi) Mate yey CUE O SU OMMnI TOMI dd Dae eer ew entt wee : SRE Pt welt | ie we - Grr ereenes ce << AS pdt > “a ree & » id ’\ ous Mb ee tha Db) hed ven ma “tt ~ Uns et S wy BR we Ve aaee myth! UML UT ee

c A) be A hoe : op leterye 2 Oem, wa ww xwscasy V- Hy ie oe griveyly 1

i LT ¥ ee “é Cheb rT ier yews vats iLL | cs .

= ) | ——-— oe i. ae C—O chegi :

¥ te ub a SARAR OSG 12 Be

c fs x zn =

eee oy met meat arts Be en ; :

thls atagt LOA

Cy ¢ Z wi bes Oe Pe |} 4

ahi ase tos Ht UE URL NUN yetttcees an ettvent et

pity Hi BURY, Ne Way et | Ueesv one Ley wEWuvseEs® ' , Oo 0uye: i“ ak hae hn 8 \ Py TT : Es gue ww = é

reeTaa at A oa cet ee aaa

vee w/t ye Pe eM on tre : w Mee Sea aeeanT ay ltggnntl

a 1 eT Na : beLU CY pp Hayye ea a) ¢ N (BR MAL Lt U : Wve sin il WO oer Ey bap oe wiaseine coeteLet Cb utewy vey ue' obey yet OT AA. alt Ce ge » “<a Weill x PA ) oh wy a ittitey a Os nifty Wc we 27>s a VEIOE ow vey" Md SU Wy 5 np + | IPey “\ "wm Net hag Pa et “Feed 4 ik Byiiat bd Ea i vey ity dite yy VCP TSC, me bea, JVs wd: ne TTS » vy win WA | Mb "ty Fes a/ Tt hy rey * Seo! seoee rae 2 ‘e win’ beste] an bag ,* % ‘S.: yy” ma iv ‘iy " anyon g dj pcetsbat Erte < ate VOSS Crease : ies, Oye v ay 4 PL) HLL | RN Nh Lh of wo” anne ativyy®” a org! tree LLL See abe ego tthine hd Toate Anette (Son Lu pirest

preoly. dat My it ,. AG ice ma tthe LT teats cad oe


, rs) Lb

i "4 w : Pv ay im ef ae yee \' I Kw ST

www ee il Ss a a wwe eee are

Vatu veyere tele) peli ‘ey

Pe wht

say @ ae A. Pe

Mad a wSuwe of? Nad ow

meeeatttaeask= wilt

PEPE ELL Ppa cyah

Ad we” SOE as OUT

eno gts Tee yeBee aS 1

OP lib

. ae ee Ck ee 4:

i oy


ce 9

{ » NAA al i ' i a J Mp! YA rl 1 j fi y lO re : La i AiG aT he ; F tl he AO + . q : al he Lae : ne’ : j |) ' | + Ads on mt uy aad A a Ny : mm ye pentes * YW = = ae A , ot; _ =? 1 c De? : * wer . ony : Ae my i a" » } y g 7 ae o bj aa a & a eh ; eet " 4 Ay 7 s oa . . oe ' 4 ; na rays’, a | t 4 |? \ , i 4y ine a) a f , . v" ' = i} A ; yf i i } ‘¥ t f al } i u 4 S| 4 x 5 i pe : rt i ae mA , kA a i Maes 4 ¥ PR : ; AS as I od ; oe,

3 eo ah » A) () A 07









AND RICHARD T. FRANCIS, F.Z.S., M.B.O.U. K era | Pa Aion Insijp fi XL 2 ar aC “BiG 27a eae Ne a :

NNN NO, hi dal yuUsS a a a






“Omnes res creatse sunt divine sapientiz et potentie testes, divitix felicitatis human :—ex harum usu /ovitas Creatoris; ex pulchritudine sapientia Domini ; ex ceconomid in conservatione, proportione, renovatione, potentia majestatis elucet. Earum itaque indagatio ab hominibus sibi relictis semper zestimata ; A veré eruditis et sapientibus semper exculta; malé doctis et barbaris semper inimica fuit.”—Linnaus.

“Quel que soit le principe de la vie animale, il ne faut qu’ouvrir les yeux pour voir qu’elle est le chef-d’eeuvre de la Toute-puissance, et le but auquel se rappor- tent toutes ses opérations.’—Brucxnur, Théorie du Systéme Animal, Leyden, 1767.

wis tel fo alfatleteie teks aelele Sylvan ypowens Shee our summons; from their deepest dells The Dryads come, and throw their garlands wild And odorous branches at our feet; the Nymphs That press with nimble step the mountain-thyme And purple heath-flower come not empty-handed, But scatter round ten thousand forms minute Of velvet moss or lichen, torn from rock oe Or rifted oak or cavern deep: the Naiads too Quit their loved native stream, from whose smooth face They crop the lily, and each sedge and rush That drinks the rippling tide: the frozen poles, Where peril waits the bold adventurer’s tread, The burnmg sands of Borneo and Cayenne, AU, all to us unlock their secret stores And pay their cheerful tribute.

J. Taytor, Norwich, 1818.



NUMBER 43. Page TI. Notes on some Noctuide in the Joicey Collection, with Descrip- tions of new Species. By Miss A, E. Prout, F.E.S. (Plates HEV Me eta harate rere eae suche vin dete care vac tenn Saban pnere Sor yet al

IT, Odonata collected in New Caledonia by the late Mr. Paul D. Montague. By Herspert Campion. (Plates VIII. & IX.) ...... 53

III. The Old-World Species of Hriocera in the British Museum Collection (Diptera, Tipulide). By F. W. Epwarps. (Plate X. Ee Ee eI take Lae eel oe Sek caters tees Siete sitet he el eters! oohstons 67

IV. New and little-known Ttpulide, chiefly from Formosa.— Part II. By F. W. Epwarps. (Plate X. figs. 18-19.).......... 99

V. Two Examples of Abnormal Antenne in the Crustacea Am- phipoda. By Cxas. Cuitton, M.A., D.Sc, M.B., C.M., LL.D., C.M.Z.S., F.L.S., Professor of Biology, Canterbury College, New AEANATIC A yay tree oi eset ola nies 00s ER SRctataleteeiieber eters ef oh lel hat x i5/e) «ais 116

VI. The Prey of the Yellow Dung-Fly, Scatophaga stercoraria, L. py Major E. Waar, DsS.0F fhe 0d tae bee ea sk Barts 118

VII. The Cirripede” Plumulites in the Middle Ordovician Rocks of Msthonia. By THomas H. WITHERS, F.G.S. 0... cee eee eee es 123

VIII. A new Bank-Vole from Esthonia. By Martin A. C. Ieee ADR ELA + COU Be COG MMnIOn OOGOCET. DOOMCOE Pr riC tt hai.

IX. The Klipspringers of Rhodesia, Angola, and Northern Ni- _ merida, soy AMmIN ASO. ELINTON Ge vesusscelc teres cdere cadens 129


Page X. The Geographical Races of Herpestes brachyurus. By Oup- FIELD THOMAS ........:-: Forage on Heaths se tieielsiese Choe’ hea oh 134

XT. A new Genus of Opossum from Southern Patagonia. By OLDFIELD THOMAS........++0+- Bryce For MCIr OA ieee aie ee

XII. A new Bat of the Genus Promops from Peru. By Oxp- FIBLD THOMAS ....00.s++sveescee eles slice aeeietnedis sense sre 189

XIII. On Spiny Rats of the Proechimys Group from South-

eastern Brazil. By OLDFIELD THOMAS ....,...eseeeeeee Sor wie 140 Proceedings of the Geological Society... css eens ev enee crevices 143


XIV. On Twelve new Species of Curculionide from South Africa. By Guy A. K. Marswaxt, D.8c., C.M.G. ose ee cece eee eeeee vie AS

XV. New or little-known Tipulide (Diptera). V. Ethiopian Species. By Cuaries P. ALEXANDER, Ph.D., Urbana, Illinois, OSE SB ahora beoinenoicr eso PESTA I ee iret cle ORCC ED htonk ae GL

XVI. Notes on the Asiline of the South African and Oriental Regions. By GERTRUDE RICARDO ,,0..sceseecsassceens Shales

XVII. On some Additional Species of Latus, Guérin, from the Malayan Region [Coleoptera]. By G. C. CHampion, F.Z.8....... 193

XVIII. Two new Species of Lycenide from Madagascar. By PrecyeL, Larry, ESHis: nies Santeesictas era unn eitaeistke eeiern ee 208

XIX. On Two new Races of Oryx. By Lord Roruscurp, Es eielana dota spate iase bales Sinaia age bier g Ais eiers epee SO THO ve Jobe 20

XX. A new Neotreme Brachiopod from California. By S. SrittMAN BERRY, Redlands, California, (Plate XL)............ 210

XXI. The Huron” of the Argentine. By OtpFreLp Tuomas, 212

XXII. On Mammals from the Province of San Juan, Western Argentina. By OLDFIELD THOMAS ........eussessrcacces nee qaeetlek

XXIII. Two new Argentine Forms of Skunk. By OLprie.p THOMAS isp ceseureed

OL Ap aa MB ish eke re Be CL ee et te

Proceedings of the Geological Society



Page XXIV. Exotic Muscaride (Diptera)—III. By J. R. Matiocn, Webuni, Ts, UBsAG tt a oases os Som ERC cn nee Seetnenet sisi «. 225 XXV. Some Dragonflies and their Prey.—II. With Remarks on the Identity of the Species of Orthetrum involved. By Hprperr CRMASER NDR Stina oc =. 3a) ites io, c13) ao aim gece Ne ee EA OE 240 XXVI. Diagnoses of some Lichens. By Prof. Dr. C. Mrrescu- TROWAKEM: =i. yucietied’s Go's Pe Gea Pua SOR poet ceca oer 246

XXVII. Notes from the Gatty Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews. —No. XLII. By Prof. M‘Inrosu, M.D., LL.D., D.Sc., F.R.S., &c. 290

XXVIII. New or little-known Tipulide (Diptera) —VI. Ethio- pian Species. By Cuarues P, ALEXANDER, Ph.D., F.E.S., Urbana, UErracheeieee Cnpseer Ae maeeta ni Ns Gc ainsi SAB pets ak a) sipliare ate ace gr ccs. do'0le whee 3 309

XXIX. On the Ceelacanth Fish. By D. M.S. Warson, Univer-

BILE lere BOTTOM. tai ..2 m8 sarayte tet takse Tot elern gale A ta ce tis ale Ss 320

XXX. On the Genus Lasiodora, C. Koch. By Metxo-Lerrao, M.D., Fellow of the Brazilian Society GIP SELOMCES stati! ofaln 2's 6°, sree 3937

XXXI. Notes on some Japanese Cephalopods.—A Review of Sasaki’s ‘Albatross’ Report. By 8. Stiztman Berry, Redlands, AC eae Oates SOP Las orc coo) os Slr ARAIS Hw 2, vib Po aveves 6 o0\ovs neat a-S.0 ae Bol

XXXII. Further Notes on various South-African Species of Melyris, Fabr. [Coleoptera]. By G.C. CHAMPION .............6. 353

XXXII. New Cryptotis, Thomasomys, and Oryzomys from Colanmibia. / by OunmimeD THOMAS 60/66 oo - aie v sce eye es onto ole 8 ve 304

XXXIV. New Pseudochirus and Phascogale from N.W. New Guinea. By OLBRIRLD THOMASH . heft wine a ele olson a a aveielshbiers olelels 357

XXXV. Descriptions and Records of Bees —XCI. By T. D. A. Cocknuurn, University Gf COlMvaAdO Wis ses. stee cic eee te eins as 359


XXXVI. Records and Descriptions of South African Grasshoppers of the Groups Arcyptere and Scylline. By B. P. Uvarov, F.E.S., Assistant Entomologist, Imperial Bureau of Entomology ........ 369

XXXVII. Brief Descriptions of new Thysanopteraa—XII. By RieCHAED G. BAGNALL, POURS H., FESS sanisusseeesaneveccsars 393


Page XXXVIII. Note on a Freshwater Sponge from New Zealand. By R. KirkpaTRIck..... ae ie Poo ne acieoe eran 400 XX XIX. On the Anatomy and Affinities of Hypsobia nosophora. By.G. C. Rosson, BiAs. canes ee ae been eee hee te Si er. tena ae 401 XL. Exotic Muscaride (Diptera). —IV. By J. R, Mayiocg, chan: Wl, UssiAs tht capri eee ec e ree sees ares 414 XLI, Notes on Australasian Rats, with a Selection of Lectotypes of Australasian Muride. By OLpFIELD THOMAS ........++---: 425 XLII. On Specimens of Cephalodiscus densus dredged by the ‘Challenger’ in 1874 at Kerguelen Island. By W. G. Ripewoop. (Plate DOU) ig sae ess ees alert a ile ue win iene wake ase ts ian Seles ie ON Ess 433 XLIII. The Jerboa of Muscat. By OLDFIELD THOMAS........ 440 XLIV. A new Short-tailed Opossum from Brazil. By OLpFrELD PFTOMANGO FAA: erate ncsuas «aie jenbortiecn ie ovale eie's fo ia elas v\e 2 wlmiewiee rh menage 44] XLV. A new Cotton-tail (Sylvilagus) from Colombia. By Oxp- PUD OMAR: ist Se «init sfc sO loins fos + sete se0 tele eA omoe © 442 XLVI. On a new Willow-Titmouse from Northern Italy. By Renown, Mow mee BOs W286 008s tees Mae bile es oa 443 XLVII. On new Forms of South-American Birds. By C. CouBs,

Mole) OUP shy tS Be Ate oeeenhar: Sach tueeis hone WREROKC i) Onn Sach sae-eDer eR Roy hors. coe 444

New Book :—The Life of Alfred Newton, By A. F. R. Wotuaston. 447


XLVIII. Revision of the African Species of Hedybius, Er., and its Allies, with an Account of their accessory ¢-characters [ Coleo- ptera]. By G. C. Cyampion, F.Z.S. (Plates XIII. & XIV.) .... 449

XLIX. On the Discovery of the missing Type Specimen of the Ascidian Oculinaria australis, Gray. By R. KirKPATRICK ...... A494

L. On the Anatomy of some new Species of Drawida. By C. R. Narayana Rao, M.A., University of Mysore, Bangalore. (Plates

AMR VELL) 1s. ene oan eet si eetbta tote cio: teehee Camere 496 LI. Notes on the Species of Notomys, the Australian Jerboa-rats.

By Onprinip TOMAS -. iy Ges are eben ke erate .. 536 LIT. Fossil Arthropods in the British Museum.—VIL. By

T. D. A. Cockrret, University of Colorado ...... wad ace ne Nye eee 541

LUI. New or little-known Tipulide (Diptera). VII. Australasian Species. By Cuartes P. ALEXANDER, Ph.D., Urbana, Illinois, MU emails. 4-4 Sos aa Jojginiete aie tes ah > wv cde ane aR tea ee nets eee 546

LIV. On some new small Mammals from East Africa. By P. S. HSRRSHAW 2 ct a Gsaka ncun Gieisistnieatiele POL RINT ITs aha 568


Page LV. A new Hedgehog from the Island of Djerba, Tunis. By SPEDE Ty WEUMAS | 5 5 5 < sie) oie « «| nesta al ewes eh Seat eels 8 eters as 570

LVI. On some Remains of a Theropodous Dinosaur from the Lower Lias of Barrow-on-Soar. By Cuaryes W. ae argh DiSe., Brio. (british: Museum Natural Ebistory ys acess sess ese ers » cele dss wb.

LVI. On the Life-history of Dasyhelea obscura, Winnertz (Dip- tera, Nematocera, Ceratopogonide), with some Remarks on the Panasiwes and Hereditary Bacterian Symbiont of this Midge. By D. Kuti, Sc.D., Beit Memorial Research Fellow (Quick ‘Labora-

tory, University of Cambridge); (Plates KIX. & XN.) ic cae 576 LVIII. Some undescribed Rhopalocera from Mesopotamia and N.W. Persia’; andether Notes, By N..D. Ritay .......050500. 590 ec


LIX. On some Dipterous Larve infesting the Branchial Chambers of Land-crabs. By D. Krtuin, Se.D., Beit Memorial Research Fellow (from the Quick Laboratory, Univ ersity of Cam-

Rp eeelie ee re tee tvs rota orni eta Ur os wie aamv gece tater ch ays cue Ad eft OHO eles seal eon 601

LX. On a further Collection of Mammals from Jujuy obtained by iy le Budin.»- by OnpeTMrD: THOMAS: 4.x. siieae ad Giles tree Qaje ies . 608

LXI. The Masked Civets (Paguma) of Western China. By Gh rs TVET RTO MAS a dior, tc ts2a a, oie sl pa kw oka 8 Aalelsse, hols e18 widiecae beret Bs 617

LXII. On Three new Australian Rats. By Otprirtp Tuomas. 618

LXII. New Hesperomys and Galea from Bolivia. By OLDFIELD I IETOIRTORS o cdiem Nt bic is hg aac tout dither cae blo cr Sanne ace ae 8 ae ce 622

LXIV. Some Emendations to their Recent Paper ‘On Helicella, Férussac.” By G. K. Guns, I'.Z.S., and B. B. Woopwarp, F.L.S. 624

LXY. Preliminary Account of supposed new Genus and pegs By the Rev. Toomas R. R. Sreppine, M.A,, F.R.S.

LXVI. Two new Species of Slow-Loris. By OLpFiIeLpD THomas, 627 LXVIIi. H. Sauter’s Formosan Collections: Culicide. By F. W.

MDW EAE Saran cmetime acer cy Rpotineths Lec, s, « aeenrareee, Gov fuk Wielécg wt a elacb wa iit O20 LXVIIL. The Cichlid Fishes of Lakes Albert Edward and Kivu.

Bryn Os) LATE BGAN, MEAG BOR iin ers o's s 56 6 EERE iene 632 LXIX,. On a new Genus of Coccide from the Indian Region, By

1D, A DRG CEIOOIN pl ads Ol 1A DAS Se aes ee ie OOO

LXX,. Some new or rare British Crustacea. By Roszrr GurRNEY, M.A. Pepe Ole ele eo ee Bree 10) Bele eo Os.) O'S PSB) Oa e 2 8h em £0 aR 2 2 0 0 DB ae 644

Editorial Note...... Sie eg ai aati, SSE e AEE oe sone (aa)

Index LT aT OSS Ca eat tr Ca Tat ETOMTR ETP eterete? ales eee lueve: @har acd oSrelovwca'e wis ereteve 651


III. -New Noctuids. DY; V. VI. VII. VUL. | Corduliine Dragonflies from New Caledoni oan orduliine Dragonflies from New Caledonia. be ¢ Wings of Formosan Tipulide. XI. Crania californica, sp. n., from California. XII. Cephalodiscus densus, Andersson. XIII. African species of Illops and Hedybius. XIV. African species of Hedybius and Philhedonus. mV. be Alls XVII. XVIII. nyt BO XX,

Genitalia of Noctuids.

Anatomy of new species of Drawida.

Dasyhelea obscura, Winnertz.










WITH TEN PLATES. : : LONDON: PAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION COURT, FLEEL STREET, Sold by Bailliére, Pans: and Hodges, Figgis, & Co., Dublin,

“Double Number. Price Seven Shillings.

_ Yolo. = NINTH SERIES. ee tes. BOs


| eee



desires SPHINGIDA from North and North-west india, Bengal, Thibei, Afghanistan, Abyssinia, Somali- FSA,

land, East Africa, Borneo, Java, and Mesopotamia.

He will recompense collectors liberally, either in cash, books, or any other form that may be more agreeable; and will be glad to hear from anyone who

can help him in any of the above countries.

He would also be glad to exchange witn other

collectors or with Museums.


(Including Ceylon and Burma).

Pvbiished under the authority of the Secretary of State for India ia Council. -

COLEOPTERA (CHRYSOMELIDZ@). Medium 8ro, with Text Illustrations. Price 2\s.


With Two Plates and numerous Text Illustrations. Price 35s.

Tayitor & Francis, Red Lion Court, Fleet Street, E.C. 4.

Rates for Advertisements in the Annals and Magazine of Natural History. ;

One Six Twelve Insertion. Insertions. Insertions. PAGE - - - - 3 00 215 Qeach 210 Oeach HALHPAGE .- - 112 (110°0 .>330n QUARTER-PAGE - 18 0 16 6 ,, 15:-O, 235% EIGHTH-PAGE~ - 10 0 90, s- 0°33

cae pe

All applications for space to be made to Mr. H. A. COLLINS, 32 Birdhurst Road, Croydon.





mea BOs OA Pe Ae per litora spargite muscum, Naiades, et circiim vitreos considite fontes: Pollice virgineo teneros hie carpite flores: Floribus et pictum, dive, replete canistrum. At vos, o Nymphe Craterides, ite sub undas ; Ite, recurvato variata corallia trunco Vellite muscosis e rupibus, et mihi conchas Ferte, Dew pelagi, et pingui conchylia succo.” N. Parthenii Giannettasi, Eel. 1.

No. 43. JULY 1921.

I.—Notes on some Noctuide in the Joicey Collection, with Descriptions of new Species. By Miss A. HE. Prout, F.E.S.

| Plates I.-VII. ]

IntRopuctory Note.

In publishing the following notes, I wish gratefully to acknowledge my deep indebtedness to Mr. J. J. Joicey for the opportunities of study he has so kindly afforded me by entrusting to me the responsible task of working out his fine and rapidly-increasing collection of the Noctuide of the world. The accompanying paper is the outcome of my studies of the Joicey Collection, and the types wiil in all cases be found there, unless otherwise specified.

I wish, further, to acknowledge gratefully my indebtedness to Sir George F. Hampson for help and advice given me in my studies at the British Museum, and especially so for the invaluable service he has rendered to all students of the Noctuide by his standard work on the family, which has done so much to render the working out of this large and

Ann, & Mag. N. Hist. Ser. 9. Vol. viii. 1


2 Miss A. E. Prout on some

extremely difficult group less hard for those who come after him. If, in this and in papers I may subsequently publish, the opportunity of studying larger material or some inde- pendent light on the subject should lead me to differ from Sir G. Hampson’s conclusions, 1 shall do so always with respectful remembrance of what I owe to his book and to his careful working out of the National Collection, without the aid of which my own work would scarcely have been possible. ;

I would also tender my thanks to Lord Rothschild, Professor Poulton, and Mr. Bethune-Baker for the loan of types, to Mr. W. H. Tams for assistance given me in my work at the British Museum, and especially to the Rev. C. R. N. Burrows, who in the midst of his busy and strenuous life has so kindly found time to work out the genitalia of various Noctuide submitted to him from the Hill Museum. The illustrations on Plates I-VII. are photographed from drawings prepared by Mr. Burrows.

Finally, I would tender sincerest thanks to my brother, Mr. L. B. Prout, who has revised my manuscript, and who, throughout my studies, has given me help and advice as to the best methods of specialized entomological work, placing his own wide knowledge and experience freely at my service.


In spite of Sir George Hampson’s excellent work, there is evidently much still needing elucidation, both with regard to the classification and the nomenclature of the Noctuide ; but in the following paper I have followed the system of nomenclature first published in the Cat. Lep. Phal., except in one or two instances.

In Hampson’s Phytometrine I have used the old familiar name of Plusianz for the subfamily and Plusia for the genus. For the Noctuinw I have temporarily employed Guenée’s Ophiderinee—though the name is not a satisfactory one, as Othreis, Hbn., has priority over Ophideres, Boisd. But Noctuine is obviously untenable, since, as Aurivillius points out in his paper in Schwed. Kilim. Exped. (9) p. 34 (1910), Hampson’s use of the name Noctua striz for Thysania agrippina is founded on a misconception, due to Linné having erroneously cited to striz a figure in Merian’s ‘“¢ Insects of Surinam,” and having been thereby led to con- sider stria as an American species. Linné’s own description of strix distinctly mentions that it is “‘ tongueless”’ and that

Noctuidee in the Joicey Collection. 3

the wings are black, reticulated and clouded ”’ ; and in the later fu'ler description in the Museum Ludorice Ulrice ”’ he further says ‘‘ nec alas dentalus nec lingicam observo.’”’ In view of these descriptions and of the fact that Linné’s type of stria is still in the Queen Louisa Ulrica Collection (which never possessed a specimen of Thysania agrippina) it seems quite certain that Linné’s Noctua strix was the common §, Asiatic Cossid, which was figured and described by Clerck as strix, L. Therefore (as Aurivillius concluded his remarks by pointing out), anyone who is of opinion that the first species is to be considered typical would have in consequence to consider the Cossids as the true Noctuids”’! The name Erebine (employed by Barnes and McDunnough in their ‘Check-List of the N. American Lepidoptera’) seems also, unfortunately, to be untenable, as Latreille appears to cite crepuscularts, L., as his type of Hrebus, and odora, L., only as an additional species ; this necessitates the transfer of the name Hrebus to the Catocaline genus Nyctipao (see Cat. Lep. Phal. xii. p. 331), odora becoming (according to Hampson) Otosema odora. It seems necessary, therefore, to select some other subfamily name, and, in the meantime, I have chosen Ophiderine.

My other point of difference from Sir George Hampson opens up a wider question than one of mere nomenclature. It is with regard to the classification of the subfamilies Catocalinee and Ophiderine.

The Rev. C. R. N. Burrows has aalled my attention to the wide divergence between the genitalia of the gents Catocala and immediately allied genera and those of Acantho- dica, Erebus (Nyctipao), Speiredonia, Ercheia, and others of the later Catocaline genera submitted to him, the latter all having very large coremata (entirely wanting in true Cato- cala). Mr. Burrows strongly urges that these two groups should be separated, and, in view of the very distinct early stages of Catocala (mentioned by American authors, who have no doubt had opportunities of comparison with the early stages of some of the exotic species of Hampson’s Catocalinze), as well as the difference of genitalia, it seems very probable that the Catfocala group of species will ultimately be found to form a distinct subfamily, although I have not as yet been able to discover any str uctural point, apart from the genitalia, which will form a good key-distinction for the subfamily. I shall be grateful for any information which may help to throw light on this interesting question.

A further question arises with regard to the separation of certain apparently closely-allied species. In Cat. Lep. Phal.


4 Miss A. BE. Prout on some

xii, p. 2, Hampson mentions the fact that many of the Catocaline genera have close relatives in his Noctuine, suggesting a common origin between the two subfamilies ; but he does not emphasize the point. In working through these two subfamilies, however, I have been so constantly struck by the close resemblance between genera in the two that I have begun to doubt whether the spinous mid-tibia can be a subfamily character at all.

With a view to elucidating this point, specimens of Cocytodes maura, Holl. (Pl. VI. fig. 3), Cocytodes caerulea, Gn. (Pl. VI. fig. 2) (Catocaline), and Arcte papuensis, Warr. (Pl. VI. fig. 1) ( Noctuine ”’), have been submitted to the Rev. C. R. N. Burrows for dissection ; also specimens of Achea ablunaris, Gn. (Pl. VI. fig. 4) (Catocaline), and Mimo- phisma delunaris, Gn. (P1. VIL. fig. 1) (“* Noctuine”). With regard to the Cocytodes and Arcte species Mr. Burrows writes :—“3 & 4 (C. ce@rulea and A. papuensis, are more close than 2 (C. maura) to either.” Of A. ablunaris (com- paring it with M/Z. delunaris) he writes, “Is a distinct species, but I think undoubtedly belongs to the same genus,’ so far as we understand anything by the term genus. It is indeed a close brother,’ with all the features the same, but different | in form and development.”

In view of these conclusions, and of the strong resemblance between many other species which are divided by Hampson’s use of the spinous mid-tibia as a subfamily character, it seems not improbable that this character will ultimately hive to be discarded, and some other‘ classification of these large and very heterogeneous groups adopted in its stead, especially in view of the following points :—

(1) In some species only one or two spines seem to be present—a form intermediate between true Catocaline and ** Noctuine.”

(2) In other species the spines are only visible in the 9 (though possibly concealed in the @).

(3) In several of the subfamilies the fore and hind tibie are sometimes spined, sometimes non-spined ; there seems no logical reason why the mid-tibia should be of more sub- family value than fore or hind tibia—especially considering that, in the Trifids, it is the hind tibia that is taken to characterize a subfamily (the Agrotinz), so that there is no correspondence between the two groups. It is certainly rare for the hind tibia to be spined and the mid-tibia unspined (suggesting that the natural order of development is for the spines to appear first on the mid-tibia) ; but this is by no means a wniversal rule, for there are genera both in the

Noctuidse in the Foicey Collection. 5

Agrotinze and the Plusianz which have the hind tibia spined and the mid-tibia non-spined.

E/RASTRIAN EZ. 1. Lophoruza rubrimacula, sp. n. (PIT. fig. 1.)

fo .— 24mm.

Head and thorax above pinkish white with some brown scales intermingled (chiefly on head and tegule); body beneath and legs whitish ; dorsum of abdomen with the basal and anal segments pinkish white, the medial segments brown, mixed with black.

Fore wing with the costal half, from apex to hind margin at nearly one-third, pinkish-white with the costa tinged with tawny brown; the rest of the wing pale tawny-brown, some- what darker where it meets the pale shade, the termen distinctly darkened from apex to behind R*; a tawny streak at base of wing, extending across metathorax ; some brown shading in middle of cell; antemedial, medial, and post- medial lines just visible as pale, dark-outlined, outwardly oblique streaks on the costal tawny shade, the two former becoming obsolescent behind SC, the latter indistinctly continued as a punctiform dark line, excurved round cell, then incurved to inner margin at abont two-thirds ; a fine white subterminal line, expanding to a conspicuous white spot on R’, behind which it is angled outward, with some proximal black dots anteriorly ; a rufous proximal patch between the radials, and three ochreous spots (one proximal and two distal) between SC”'and R'; a row of black marginal spots aud a fine dark marginal line; fringe pale tawny- brown chequered with blackish-brown,

Hind wing with the base pinkish-white, the rest of the wing pale tawny-brown, almost whitish about the subterminal area; a slight, dark, waved postmedial line; a small sub- terminal rufous spot behind M* and a large one from M? to near abdominal margin, with a small brown one behind it ; marginal spots and line and fringe as on fore wing.

Wings beneath whitish tinged with tawny- brown, with slight curved crenulate postmedial and subterminal lines ; margins as above, but less sharply marked ; discal spots very slight.

“9 ——26 mm. Marked asin the @, but with the pinkish and tawny shades both a trifle brighter.

Upper Tonkin : Muong-Khuong, Prov. Laokay, 900-

1000 m., type and 1 ¢. Nearest to albicostalis, Leech., from Central China, from

6 Miss A. E. Prout on some

which it differs in the darker subapical shade on fore wing, the rather larger and darker subtornal spot behind M? on the hind wing, the rather darker shade on the costa of fore wing, and, especially, in the brown streak across metathorax and base of fore wing (which is not present in any specimen of albicostalis that I have seen). Possibly only a subspecies.

2, Lithacodia picatina, sp.n. (PI. I. fig. 2.)

3 .-—22 mm.

This species has hitherto been mixed with picata, Btlr., in the British Museum and evidently also at Tring, for it is figured in Seitz (Macro-Lep. vol. xi. pl. xxvi. a) as picata. The two species are quite clearly distinguishable by the triangular dark patch on base of costa in picata being replaced in picatina by a golden-brown streak along the costa; by the antemedial line being only slightly crenulate in picatina, not angled at the folds as in picata; by the absence in picatina of the postmedial dark point on costa and the black point at upper angle of cell, the black spot at lower angle of cell being also reduced in size; by the sub- terminal line being almost obsolete in picatina ; and (perhaps the most constant distinction of all) by the shape of the white mark on distal margin, from SC’ to R’, which forms a narrow patch in picatina, quite separate from the other white markings, but in picata is less sharply marked and is always eonnected by a white bar between R’ and R’* with the white postmedial and tornalareas. Fringe of fore wing in picatina whitish-brown, tipped with grey. In other respects exactly agrees with Hampson’s description of picata, Cat. Lep. Phal. x. p. 503.

Khasia Hills, Assam (Nissary), type and 5 other ¢ 2.

In British Museum from Sikkim and one specimen from Sabathu.

Eureria. 3. Eutelia regalis, sp.n. (PI. I. fig. 3.)

36 .—27 mm.

This species belongs to the section of the genus called Eleale (Sect. 1, B, c, of Hampson); its nearest allies being fulvipicia, Hmpson., and plusioides, Wk.

Head and thorax above bright red-orange, the tegule a little darker; palpus, pectus, and legs ochreous-brown, the tarsi ringed with white ; abdomen ochreous-brown, with the dorsal crests red-orange.

Noctuidee tn the Jorcey Collection. <

Fore wing with the basal third and a large postmedial costal patch ochreous, thickly irrorated with red-orange ; the rest of the wing white, closely irrorated with grey-violet; lines indistinct; antemedial, medial, and postmedial white spots on costa; indistinct, blackish, sinuous antemedial, medial, and postmedial lines, all angled outward before middle, then somewhat incurved to hind margin ; an indis- tinct maculate subterminal line, following the curve of the postmedial ; a white streak from costa near apex to termen about R', and a curved white streak from M* near termen to tornus, the two being connected by slight white spots; fringe grey-brown.

Hind wing pale ochreous, the distal half grey-violet narrowing to apex and tornus; a white dash from M' to termen near tornus, and a white spot on abdominal margin just proximally to tornus ; fringe grey-violet with a fine pale line at base.

Underside of fore wing violet-grey, posteriorly pale ochreous; slight dark cell-spot and double curved postmedial line ; the white terminal line of the upper surface showing near apex and on hind-marginal half of wing. Hind wing as above, with the addition of a dark cell-spot, with some violet suffusion above it, and a slight postmedial line.

Amboina, type only.

Can be easily distinguished from both fulv ipicta and plusioides by the deeper ‘tone of colour, the broader border to the hind wing, the absence of the diffused black streak in the basal half of cell, ete.


4, Stictoptera plumbeotincta, sp.n. (PI. I. fig. 4.)

? .—36 mm.

Head and thorax leaden-violet, mixed with some ochreous scales; palpus and antennal shaft ochreous shaded with leaden-violet ; dorsum of abdomen grey-brown, with the basal crests a little redder; body beneath pale ochreous ; legs pale ochreous shaded with violet.

Fore wing pale ochreous, largely suffused with leaden-violet, especially on the basal area to medial line and on apical area, leaving a subtriangular patch of the ground-colour on distal part of hind margin; sub-basal and antemedial lines almost obsolete, the latter purplish-grey, undulating, starting close to medial line, then incurved, strongly ex- curved before hind margin; medial line black, with some

8 Miss A. E. Prout on some

proximal dark shading in and behind cell, oblique and slightly crenulate from two-fifths costa to two-thirds hind margin ; reniform leaden-grey, with faint pale outline, narrowing towards costa; an indistinct fine crenulate dark line nearly parallel with the median line, but approaching it at hind margin ; postmedial line a grey dash on costa, then a row of indigo spots between the veins, angled out on SC’, excurved to fold, and angled out on SM’; an undulating pale subterminal line from costa near apex to tornus, with three black proximal darts behind costa, SC*, and SC’, the last the largest, proximally darkened from M’ to tornus ; a row of pale-edged black marginal spots between the veins ; fringe grey, with pale streaks at the veins.

Hind wing with basal area hyaline, smoky brown along hind margin, with the distal two-fifths and a lunule on DC* and DC* dark grey; fringe pale brown, shaded with grey between the veins.

Underside of fore wing smoky-grey, with some peacock- green reflections on basal half of hind-marginal area and a pale patch between the origin of M’ and M’; five or six pale spots on apical half of costa, with black spots between them ; slight, dark medial, postmedial, and’ subterminal lines, as above. Hind wing as above, with the costal area slightly smoky and an oblique black streak from costa to the lunule on discocelluiars.

Rossel Is.; Mt. Rossel, 2100 ft., Dec. 1915 (W.. F. Eich- horn), type and another ¢.


5. Blenina brevicosta, sp. n. (PI. I. fig. 5.)

9 .—38 mm.

Head and thorax white, thickly irrorated with green above aud with a few brown scales ; patagia with some black scales near middle. Palpus and legs white, marked with brown and black. Abdomen yellow above and beneath, with the anus browner ; the crests greenish.

Fore wing white, irrorated with green scales on the basal half of wing and the postmedial area, with violet-brown on the medial area—where it forms a sort of band—and on the apical half of distal area ; a few brown scales on the costal half of subbasal area and some yellow hair at base of hind margin. Subbasal line slight, blackish, curved to about median nervure; a black antemedial half-line from costa, angled outward to the subcostal and again above median ;


Noctuidee tn the Joicey Collection. 9

a black spot obliquely beyond it, near hind margin; median line obliquely sinuous from two-fifths costa to half hind margin, angled outward behind M?, a small black spot distally to it in cell and an upright blackish streak in place of the reniform ; postmedial line obliquely sinuous from half costa to close to tornus, indistinct, upright at costa, strongly angled outward at R‘ and before hind margin and inward at behind M'; subterminal line strongly dentate, nearly parallel with margin to about R’, upon which and on M? it is angled out to nearer the distal margin, which it joins at SM’; broad terminal black spots on the veins; fringe white, with black streaks between the veins and slight brown tips.

Hind wing yellow, coloured about as in B. donans, W1k., but with the dark border extended along costa, ending close to M*, shading gradually into the ground-colour and ex- tending across the fringe ; tornal one-third of fringe yellow ; veins slightly darkened.

Underside of fore wing brown; costa from near base white with some brown marks on it, the white broadening to a patch from about half to three-quarters along costa ; fringe white chequered with blackish,as above. Hind wig as above, but with a reddish tinge on costal area.

Sierra Leone, type only.

This specimen appears to belong tothe genus Blenina, but the fore wing is a trifle narrowed at the apical part of costa, the hind wing unusually narrow and almost without the marginal indentation behind M* which is so characteristic